Excess testosterone can lead to a variety of negative effects, including more aggressive and irritable behavior, increased acne and oily skin, and even worse sleep apnea (if you already have it). It can also cause mood swings, ranging from euphoria to low depressive levels. People with high testosterone levels are more likely to be impatient and respond to situations more aggressively. Oily skin and acne are common side effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), although the degree of severity can vary.
High levels of DHT associated with increased testosterone can also cause or aggravate these effects. Fortunately, careful dosing and proper monitoring can help prevent or limit these side effects. Hair loss or male pattern baldness is another side effect that is often associated with excess testosterone, although there is no direct link between the two. The link between the prostate and testosterone is a hotly debated topic in the medical world.
Many believe that there is a direct relationship between prostate growth, prostate cancer and high testosterone levels, but this is not true. Recent short-term studies have shown no negative effects on prostate size, urine flow rates, or prostate symptom scores when testosterone therapy is administered in appropriate doses. High levels of testosterone can contribute to mood disorders such as irritability and aggressiveness. They can also make you more likely to take risks, especially if the cause of your high testosterone level is anabolic steroid abuse.
Low testosterone levels (hypogonadism) can result in low libido, low sperm counts and infertility, erectile dysfunction, weight gain, or loss of pubic or axillary hair. Men with type 2 diabetes and low testosterone levels performed better on memory tests when they took testosterone replacement therapy, a small experiment showed. The increase in hematocrit (the% volume of red blood cells in the blood) can be reduced by decreasing the replacement dose of testosterone or by donating blood regularly to reduce blood thickness. The brain then disrupts the production of LH (luteinizing hormone), the hormone that signals the testicles to produce testosterone, and as a result, the testicles may experience a change in the firmness or volume of the testicles.
One way to avoid excess testosterone is to avoid testosterone replacement therapy unless it is absolutely necessary. Having too much naturally occurring testosterone isn't usually a common problem for men. Although rare, high testosterone levels can be due to medical conditions or testosterone replacement therapy. Testosterone replacement therapy should only be done under the supervision of trained professionals who specialize in this field and who are able to monitor and adjust doses as needed.